TECHICAL Series MATHEMATICS  INFORMATICS  PHYSICS Series PHILOLOGY Series ECONOMIC SCIENCES Sereies EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES Series LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Series
The Effect of the Anthropic Factors on the Quality of the Underground Waters within the Area
(* Institutul National de Cercetare Dezvoltare pentru Imbunatatiri Funciare I.N.C.D.I.F. ? "ISPIF? Şos. Olteniţei 35-37, sector 4, Bucureşti e-mail: barac@ispif.ro, ispifcris@yahoo.com ** Universitatea Petrol-Gaze din Ploieşti Bd. Bucureşti, nr. 39, Ploiesti e-mail: lavram@mail.upg-ploiesti.ro)
Vol LX • No. 4/2008
Mihai Barac*, Lazăr Avram**, Animary Arghirescu*, Adrian Diaconu*, Cătălin Şerban*, Cristina Antoniac*
* Institutul National de Cercetare Dezvoltare pentru Imbunatatiri Funciare I.N.C.D.I.F. ? "ISPIF?
Şos. Olteniţei 35-37, sector 4, Bucureşti
e-mail: barac@ispif.ro, ispifcris@yahoo.com
** Universitatea Petrol-Gaze din Ploieşti Bd. Bucureşti, nr. 39, Ploiesti
e-mail: lavram@mail.upg-ploiesti.ro

 Keywords   underground water, hydrochemical monitoring, aquifer, pollutants

 Abstract
By its constructive characteristics, the Danube - Black Sea Canal is one of the most important constructions of this type in Europe. Its construction, the execution of the water captations' works in Caragea, Caragea Dermen, Eforie, Costinesti, Basarabi, Valul lui Traian, Medgidia etc. and the existence of the irrigation system have modified the natural hydrogeological conditions of the aquifer system. There are many pollutant sources along the canal, which in the case of an accident can have a powerful impact on the canal water, and this, on its turn, can become a secondary pollution source.
For establishing the effect of the anthropic factors on the quality of the underground water within the area of the Danube - Black Sea canal, it was realized: a chart of the phreatic level variations from the canal area, the hydrochemical monitoring of the canal and standpipes water, as well as a simulation program of the pollutant transport to the potable water captations.

 Rezumat
Prin caracteristicile sale constructive Canalul Dunare - Marea Neagra se plaseaza in categoria celor mai complexe constructii de acest gen din Europa. Constructia acestuia ca si executia lucrarilor de captari de apa de la Caragea, Caragea Dermen, Eforie, Costinesti, Basarabi, Valul lui Traian, Medgidia etc. si existenta sistemului de irigatii au modificat conditiile hidrogeologice naturale ale sistemului acvifer. Numeroasele surse potential poluatoare existente de-a lungul canalului, in cazul unui accident, ar afecta apa canalulu. Pentru stabilirea efectului factorilor antropici asupra calitatii apelor subterane din perimetrul canalului Dunare ? Marea Neagra s-a realizat tabloul variatiei nivelurilor freatice din zona canalului, monitorizarea hidrochimica a apei din canal si din piezometre, cat si un program de modelare al transportului de poluant spre captarile de apa potabila.



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