Assessing Environmental Effects of Industrial Activities
(Evaluarea efectelor asupra mediului a activităţilor industriale)
Vol LXII • No. 3A/2010
Ildiko Tulbure
University "1 Decembrie 1918", Str.N. Iorga, 11-13, Alba Iulia, Romania
& PD at the Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

 Keywords   sustainable development, technology assessment, life-cycle analysis, pollutants emissions, aggregated emission indicator.

Industrial activities have the goal to improve the living standard of humanity. However it often happens that beside desired effects of technological applications, undesired negative effects on environment and society appear. This means that chances and risks of different technological applications have to be carefully evaluated. In this regard the new discipline "Technology Assessment" became well known in the world. Especially for analyzing environmental impacts, engineers often use analytical tools, the most discussed one being the life cycle assessment LCA, but also environmental management systems. In the following some notions regarding these tools will be presented, as well as an application example from the industrial practice will be presented.

Activitatile economice industriale au fost gandite cu scopul principal de a imbunatati calitatea vietii oamenilor. Deseori insa se intampla, ca pe langa efectele dorite pozitve ale aplicatiilor tehnologice, acestea sa aiba un impact negativ nedorit asupra mediului inconjurator si societatii. De aici rezulta ca de la bun inceput trebuie evaluate efectele diferitelor aplicatii tehnologice, sansele si riscurile pe care acestea le aduc. In acest context, noua disciplina denumita "Technology Assessment", de evaluare a aplicatiilor tehnologice, s-a impus in ultimul timp la nivel international. Pentru analiza impactului asupra mediului inconjurator, inginerii utilizeaza diferite instrumente analitice, cel mai discutat fiind Analiza Ciclului de Viata al produselor, Life Cycle Assessment, LCA, dar de asemenea si sistemele de management de mediu. In lucrare s-au prezentat cateva notiuni referitoare la aceste noi instrumente, ca si un exemplu concret din industria autoturismelor.

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